Test Bank For The Moral of the Story An Introduction to Ethics 8th Edition By Nina Rosenstand
Chapter 02 Learning Moral Lessons from Stories
1. The moral of the fable “The Boy Who Cried Wolf” is that you should never lie, because sooner or later people aren’t going to believe you anymore, even when you tell the truth.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation2. The criminal justice system has recently begun to experiment with sentencing convicted offenders to reading books and watching films in order to teach them moral responsibility.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation3. There is a difference between stories that moralize and stories that discuss moral problems.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation4. A didactic story is a story that teaches a lesson.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation5. According to neuroscience, humans are hard-wired to tell stories so as to make sense of their lives.
6. There is a sharp distinction between factual and fictional stories.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation7. Even stories that are believed to be factual have an element of poetic creativity.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation8. Traditional myths have two purposes: to strengthen social bonding among people and to fortify the individual psychologically.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation9. Fairy tales have been described by psychoanalysts as pure wishful thinking.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation10. “Reality shows” are scripted to a great extent and their content and structure are heavily edited to keep the audience’s interest.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation11. The story of the prodigal son belongs to the category of parables.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation12. Kierkegaard believed that Abraham’s obedience to God was not an example of ordinary morality but required a leap of faith.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation13. The anthropologist Carol Delaney asks why over the years hasn’t anyone wondered how Sarah felt about Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice her only child.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation14. Western films (stories of the American West) have changed very little over the last century.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation15. Western movies often feature a story of an individual vs. larger forces.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation16. Crime stories generally concern themselves with the battle between good and evil.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation17. The science fiction genre sometimes referred to as “cyberpunk” portrays a dark and frightening future.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation18. We can learn moral lessons from morally good people but not from morally flawed people.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation19. If one is opposed to war, one can find no moral lessons in war stories.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation20. The Western Unforgiven with Clint Eastwood provides a strong pro-violence statement.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation21. The story of the Golem figure teaches a lesson of keeping a moral perspective in our undertakings.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation22. The Pygmalion story type is a warning against unscrupulous creativity: You may be creating a monster.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation23. In the novel The Sorrows of Young Werther, Werther kills his beloved Lotte because she has broken up with him.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation24. Plato claimed that art is harmful because it inspired violent emotions.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation25. Aristotle’s idea of catharsis meant that we should purge all sex and violence from art.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation26. Aristotle viewed art as dangerous because it inspired violent emotions.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation27. Greek drama began as religious pageants at the annual festival of Dionysus in Athens.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation28. As a young adult, Oedipus is told that he is destined to kill his father and marry his mother.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation29. Oedipus unwittingly kills his adopted father to fulfill the prophecy.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation30. Aristotle believed that a good tragedy doesn’t have to rely on what we today would call special effects.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation31. Socrates was the student of Plato, who was himself the student of Aristotle.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation32. Rosenstand suggests that children need to be taught by their parents to process stories so that they will know the difference between fact and fiction.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation33. Rosenstand suggests that stories are to be seen as moral laboratories where we can explore the consequences of actions.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation34. Aristotle claims that, “Dramatic poetry had a most formidable power of corrupting even men of high character. . . .”
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation35. Plato warns against the dangers of letting one’s emotions run free when watching a tragedy, but he also warns against laughing when watching a comedy.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation36. Umberto Eco, in The Name of the Rose, creates a pastiche of Aristotle’s lost work on comedy.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation37. Raymond Chandler’s description of the fictional detective suggests that the detective should be a perfect human being.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation38. In Pulp Fiction, Jules and Vincent have retrieved a briefcase full of jewelry from the gangster Wallace.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation39. Werther shoots himself while he is sitting at the piano, playing for his lost love Lotte.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation40. Medea kills her own children to get back at her husband Jason for having left her.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation41. Mingo might well be compared to Frankenstein.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation42. Game of Thrones belongs to the hybrid category of “pseudo-historical fantasy” involving multiple story lines.
43. Medical students in many parts of the United States are exposed to stories of fiction in medical school in order to
A. learn to diagnose difficult medical problems.
B. learn about themselves.
C. learn about what things are like from the point of view of the patient.
D. learn about what it would be like to be a doctor.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation44. The immediate evolutionary benefit of a good story is
A. social bonding.
C. immediate moral knowledge.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation45. Zombies hold great attraction and are popular in our culture because they represent the
A. glorified warrior who returns victorious from battles.
B. good always emerging victorious over the evil.
C. dehumanized person we can no longer relate to.
D. individual who is helpless against the forces of nature.
46. The Trobriand people distinguish between three different kinds of stories. Which one does not belong on the list?
A. sacred stories about the beginning of the world
B. fairy tales told as entertainment
C. semihistorical accounts of heroes
D. profane stories exaggerating one’s personal achievements
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation47. The moral message of gruesome fairy tales may be the following
A. evil is a continuous presence to which we sooner or later fall victim.
B. evil things happen to only evil people.
C. nothing is so bad that something good doesn’t result from it.
D. evil things can be vanquished with fortitude.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation48. What is a parable?
A. the same as a fairy tale
B. an allegorical story for adults
C. a concept from mathematics, describing a curve
D. a story with two parallel endings
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation49. The ancient smith who makes a deal with the devil to get supernatural powers is a story that highlights the _____ theme.
C. good twin and the bad twin
50. Why did the father of the prodigal son celebrate his homecoming?
A. He had been away for thirty years.
B. He brought his new wife with him.
C. The father had given him up for lost.
D. The father was hoping that the son would help around the farm.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation51. There are many ways to use narratives to explore ethics. Chapter 2 mentions several ways. Which one shouldn’t be on the list?
A. Many psychologists are using bibliotherapy to help children cope with difficult experiences.
B. Many medical students are exposed to literature and film about persons with illnesses in order to have a better understanding of their patients.
C. Many philosophy students are now reading stories about persons seeking the meaning of life in order to facilitate their own search for meaning.
D. Some judges are sentencing offenders to reading books and watching films in order to make them understand moral responsibility.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation52. Medea kills her two children because
A. she wants to remarry, and the children are in the way.
B. she wants to kill herself afterwards, and she believes a good mother does not leave the world without her children.
C. she is unable to take care of them due to extreme poverty.
D. she wants to get back at her husband Jason for leaving her.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation53. The following words were spoken by which person in Chapter 2: “And I will strike down upon thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who attempt to poison and destroy my brothers…”?
A. Jules, in Pulp Fiction
B. Vincent, in Pulp Fiction
C. Medea, in the play Medea
D. Werther, in The Sorrows of Young Werther
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation54. On which issue would Plato and Aristotle most likely agree?
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation55. Chandler’s description of the detective hero most embodies which narrative archetype?
A. the Bargain
B. the Quest
C. the Key
D. the View
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation56. The feeling of being engrossed in the story one is “watching,” and even determining its course, is known as
C. cathartic submission.
D. narrative immersion.